The philosophy of Golong Gilig dates back to the early ages of Keraton Kasultanan Yogyakarta. As Golong Gilig was initiated in the city of Yogyakarta of which a strong Javanese culture whose a large metaphor to point major wisdom for the living, Golong Gilig is the main philosophical pillar delivered by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, the first King of Yogyakarta Sultanate, to buttress the foundation of Yogyakarta city symbolizing the spirit of unity with the people, where the original design signifies the unity of King with his people and the unity of human with the God, Sangkan Paraning Dumadi and Manunggaling Kawula Gusti. Apropos of that manifestation, the monument of Golong Gilig was built in 1755 to comply with Prince Mangkubumi when he was enthroned as the first Sultan of Yogyakarta.
Located in the north of Yogyakarta Palace, the existing monument that until now is the most popular landmark of the city called Tugu Yogyakarta was actually built by the Dutch in 1889 to replace the original one that was collapsed due to a giant earthquake in 1867. Historically, the Yogyakarta city was planned based on Javanese cosmology on the nature of human destiny as manifested in its imaginary straight line from the Merapi Volcano to the South Sea or Indian Ocean, the royal palace as the symbol of city center situated between Code river and Winongo river in which the north and south borders were marked by Tugu Yogyakarta (originally known as Golong Gilig) and Panggung Krapyak.
Referring to the logo designed by Agit Primaswara, the blue stripe represents the sky and the double orange stripes represent the land where Nusantara people either living within the ancestral archipelago or outside the Nusantara archipelago, later called Nusantara diaspora. In line with the spirit of Golong Gilig preached by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, the symbol of Golong Gilig monument was deliberately adopted as the logo of the institution of Javanese Diaspora Studies in favor of embracing the spirit of unity and solidarity, gotong royong, among Nusantara descendants from all over the world to revive the Nusantara renaissance.